autismlinks-2020-4 - Flipbook - Page 9
POSITIVE BEHAVIOUR SUPPORT STRATEGIES FOR STUDENTS WITH
AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER
This book provides a roadmap developed from the evidenced-based approach of
Positive Behaviour Support (PBS). As an implementation framework, PBS recognises
that all behaviours serve a purpose, and it is designed to enhance academic, social
and behavioural outcomes for all students.
The book aims to help us guide students in learning positive ways of behaviours
and managing their emotions. It includes practical strategies on designing
environments, activities and instructions that facilitate positive changes. Also
included: a comprehensive range of questionnaires and checklists, for the
development of positive behaviour support plans in all settings.
THREE STAGES CYCLICAL ONGOING PROCESS FOR POSITIVE
Emotional and behavioural difficulties do not occur in a vacuum,
but within a context. The context involves an interaction between
students, other people and the environment, and the first important
stage is to assess. The stages are shown in the illustration below.
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The assessment stage helps to
identify the activities, environments
and people whom the student
Once the purpose of the target
behaviour has been established,
the next stage is to manage. In this
stage, the aim is to develop a plan
that helps a student recognises his
or her escalation profile, providing guidelines to cope with target
behaviour and to avoid the escalation of the behaviour.
The prevent stage focuses on minimising or avoiding the triggers
that set off the target behaviour; tailoring activities, environments
and interactions; and teaching students positive ways of
communicating their messages, and managing their emotions and