Australian Veterinary Practitioner | Volume 50 (2) June 2020 - Flipbook - Page 65
Assessment of the medium- to long-term
radiographically confirmed outcome for
juvenile dogs with hip dysplasia treated with
double pelvic osteotomy
Jenkins PL et al.
Vet Surg 49: 685-693, 2020; https://doi.
Objective: To assess the medium- to longterm radiographically confirmed outcomes in
juvenile dogs with hip dysplasia (HD) that did
and did not undergo double pelvic osteotomy
Conclusion: Double pelvic osteotomy
prevented radiographically confirmed
progression of osteoarthritis in the mediumto long-term. Laxity index score > 1 was not a
contraindication for DPO in this study.
Clinical significance: Double pelvic
osteotomy prevents progression of
radiographically confirmed features of
osteoarthritis in juvenile dogs with HD.
Impact of breed on canine humeral
condylar fracture configuration, surgical
management, and outcome
Study design: Retrospective case-controlled.
Villamil CS et al.
Animals: Twenty-six dogs with HD that were
candidates for DPO; 22 dogs underwent DPO
(16 bilateral, six unilateral); four dogs did not.
Vet Surg 49: 639-647, 2020; https://doi.
Methods: Initial and follow-up radiographs
of DPO candidates (2011-2017) that did
and did not undergo surgery were reviewed,
and the British Veterinary Association and
Kennel Club Hip Dysplasia Scheme score
(BVA-HD), osteoarthritis score (OAS) and laxity
index score (LI) were determined. Baseline
and follow-up BVA-HD, OAS, and change
in radiographically confirmed scores were
compared by using analysis of variance for
Results: There was no significant difference
in BVA-HD or OAS between surgically treated
and nonsurgically treated cohorts at baseline.
Follow-up radiographs (median, 49 months)
revealed that most (34/38) hips had a BVAHD ≤10 after DPO, while four of eight hips
from the nonsurgical cohort had BVA-HD
>10. Follow-up BVA-HD and OAS were lower
in hips after surgery (BVA-HD median 2.15,
interquartile range [Q1-Q3] 1.3-4.1; OAS
median 1.9, Q1-Q3 1.1-4.1) compared with
the nonsurgically treated cohort (BVA-HD
median 11.4, Q1-Q3 8.1-17.5, P < .01; OAS
median 7.0, Q1-Q3 5.1-13.4, P < .01). Seven
hips with an LI >1 had no radiographically
confirmed progression of osteoarthritis after
Objective: To report the prevalence,
configuration, risk factors, fixation methods
and outcomes after repair of humeral
condylar fractures (HCF) in dogs.
Study design: Retrospective nested cohort
Sample population: One hundred twelve
Methods: Medical records of dogs referred
between January 2010 and August 2018
were searched for HCF. Demographics,
fracture configuration, repair, and
complications were obtained from medical
records. Radiographs were assessed for
fracture reduction, implant positioning,
and bone healing. Short-term radiographic
and clinical outcomes, and long-term
owner-assessed outcome was determined.
Associations between these variables were
Results: Dogs with HCF represented 112 of
43 325 (0.26%, 95% CI 0.22-0.31) referrals.
French bulldogs and spaniel breeds were
predisposed to HCF (P < .02). French bulldogs
were 6.58 times (95% CI 1.62-26.7) more