Australian Veterinary Practitioner | Volume 50 (2) June 2020 - Flipbook - Page 66
likely than other breeds to have a medial
HCF (P = .008). Epicondylar plate fixation
was associated with reduced complications
compared with lag screws and Kirschner wires
(P = .009). Lameness was scored as 1 of 5
(median) in the 85 dogs with initial follow-up
(median 6 weeks) after HCF repair. Outcome
was considered excellent in 26 of 31 dogs
with long-term follow-up (median 36 months).
Conclusion: French bulldogs and spaniels
were predisposed to HCF, and medial HCF
were more common in French bulldogs.
Epicondylar plate fixation was associated with
Results: Twenty-one hygromas were treated
in 19 dogs. Eleven were right-sided, six were
left-sided and four were bilateral. First-line
treatment was Penrose drain placement
in 12 and complete surgical excision in
nine. Bilateral hygromas were addressed
simultaneously. Four of the 12 hygromas
managed with Penrose drain recurred and
one developed ulceration over the olecranon.
Recurrent hygromas were treated by surgical
excision. The ulceration was surgically excised
and reconstructed with a thoracodorsal
axial pattern flap. No further complications
developed. All the dogs were clinically healthy
after a median follow-up of 16 months.
Clinical significance: French bulldogs are
predisposed to HCF, including medial HCF.
Epicondylar plate fixation is recommended
over other epicondylar fixation methods to
Clinical significance: Surgical excision
of canine elbow hygroma is an effective
technique that appears to have fewer
postoperative complications than Penrose
Complete surgical excision versus Penrose
drainage for the treatment of elbow hygroma
in 19 dogs (1997 to 2014)
Angelou V et al.
J Small Anim Pract 61: 230-235, 2020; https://doi.
Objectives: To report results of surgical
excision and Penrose drainage for the
treatment of elbow hygromas in dogs.
Materials and methods: Retrospective review
of the clinical records of 19 dogs with elbow
hygromas treated with Penrose drainage or
surgical excision between 1997 and 2014.
The data retrieved from the records included
breed, gender, age, duration of clinical signs,
weight, historical data, complete blood count
and serum biochemistry, physical examination
findings, diameter of the hygroma,
cytology of needle aspirates, method of
treatment, histological findings, postsurgical
complications and their management and
A serological survey of canine respiratory
coronavirus in New Zealand
More GD et al.
NZ Vet J 68: 54-59, 2020; https://doi.org/10.1080/0
Aims: To determine the seroprevalence of
canine respiratory coronavirus (CRCoV) in New
Zealand dogs, and to explore associations
with age, sex, breed, month, and geographical
region of sampling and reported presence
of clinical signs suggestive of respiratory
Methods: A total of 1,015 canine serum
samples were randomly selected from
submissions to a diagnostic laboratory
between March and December 2014, and
were analysed for CRCoV antibodies using a
competitive ELISA. Logistic regression analysis
was used to determine associations between
seroprevalence of CRCoV and breed category,
age, sex, sampling month, region, and
reported health status of dogs.