Australian Veterinary Practitioner | Volume 50 (2) June 2020 - Flipbook - Page 71
Conclusion and clinical importance: RUTI
occurred more frequently in spayed female
dogs. Transurethral cystoscopy is useful in the
diagnosis and treatment of anomalies in dogs
Retrospective evaluation of the clinical
course and outcome following grape or
raisin ingestion in dogs (2005–2014): 139
Reich CF, et al.
J Vet Emerg Crit Care 30: 60-65, 2020; https://doi.
Objective: To describe the prevalence of
acute kidney injury (AKI), clinical course,
decontamination procedures, and outcome in
dogs following grape or raisin ingestion.
replacement therapy. One hundred thirty-eight
dogs survived and 1 died.
Conclusions: The prevalence of AKI and
mortality was low in dogs with confirmed
grape or raisin ingestion. Due to the
retrospective nature of the study, conclusions
about the utility of gastrointestinal
decontamination and other therapies cannot
Retrospective evaluation of the use of
hemodialysis in dogs with suspected
metaldehyde poisoning (2012–2017): 11
Teichmann-Knorrn S et al.
J Vet Emerg Crit Care 30: 194-201, 2020; https://
Design: Retrospective case series from 2005
Objective: To evaluate dogs treated with
hemodialysis for severe metaldehyde
intoxication and to compare them with
Setting: Three university veterinary teaching
Design: Retrospective study (2012–2017).
Animals: One hundred thirty-nine client-owned Setting: University teaching hospital.
dogs with known grape or raisin ingestion.
Animals: Data from 18 dogs with severe
metaldehyde intoxication were analyzed.
Measurements and main results: Among
Eleven dogs were treated with intermittent
dogs with biochemical data, the prevalence
hemodialysis and 7 managed conventionally.
of AKI was 6.7% (8/120). The prevalence of
AKI in the early presentation (3/67) and late
(5/53) presentation groups were 4.5% and
9%, respectively. The prevalence of AKI was
not significantly different between groups (P
= 0.27). Four dogs (3.3%) were azotemic at
presentation and 4 dogs (3.3%) had increases
in creatinine of ≥26.5 µmol/L (0.3 mg/dL)
at recheck (3 from the early and 1 from the
late group). Vomiting was the most common
clinical sign (18/139). One hundred twentytwo dogs (88%) underwent gastrointestinal
decontamination and significantly more dogs
in the early group were decontaminated (P