Australian Veterinary Practitioner | Volume 50 (2) June 2020 - Flipbook - Page 72
median of 2.28 L/kg (1.66-4.48 L/kg) blood
volume processed. In the hemodialysis group,
anesthesia was discontinued at a median of
3.0 hours (1.5-6.7 h) after starting dialysis.
The conventional-group received general
anesthesia for a median of 17.5 hours (7.030.5 h). No further anticonvulsive treatment
was necessary for the hemodialysis group.
Time to hospital discharge was shorter
in dialyzed dogs (median 18 h; 15-41 h)
compared to conventionally treated dogs
(median 89 h; 61-168 h; P = 0.0014).
Aspiration pneumonia was reported in 5
conventionally treated dogs and none of the
dialyzed dogs (P = 0.001). Five dialyzed dogs
developed hematoma at the dialysis catheter
site. One dog in each group was euthanized.
Conclusion: Hemodialysis significantly
decreases the requirement for anesthesia
and length of hospitalization in dogs with
metaldehyde intoxication. Aspiration
pneumonia occurred less often in dialyzed
patients. Prospective studies are warranted to
confirm the clinical utility of hemodialysis in
dogs with metaldehyde poisoning.
Successful xenotransfusion in a domestic
ferret with spontaneous hemoperitoneum
using feline packed red blood cells
Bell AL et al.
J Vet Emerg Crit Care 30: 336-341, 2020; https://
Objective: To describe the diagnosis,
management, and outcome of a ferret with
spontaneous hemoperitoneum with surgical
intervention and xenotransfusion of type A
feline packed red blood cells (pRBCs).
Case summary: A domestic ferret diagnosed
with a spontaneous hemoperitoneum
secondary to a hepatic mass received
isotonic crystalloids, hypertonic saline, and
an allogenic blood transfusion perioperatively.
Postoperatively, the ferret developed
progressive anemia and tachycardia
refractory to fluid therapy and, given a
lack of additional allogenic blood sources,
received a xenotransfusion of feline pRBCs.
The ferret was hospitalized for 4 days
postoperatively and developed a presumed
delayed transfusion reaction characterized by
transient hyperbilirubinemia. At a 6month
recheck, the ferret was doing well clinically.
New or unique information provided: This
is the first reported case of successful
xenotransfusion of feline pRBCs in a ferret.
Although xenotransfusion of ferrets with feline
blood products is not recommended as a
routine procedure, it remains a viable option
in critical situations in which ferret blood is
Utility of commercially available reagent test
strips for estimation of blood urea nitrogen
concentration and detection of azotemia
in pet rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) and
ferrets (Mustela putorius furo)
Cabot ML et al.
J Am Vet Med Assoc 256: 449-454, 2020; https://
Objective: To evaluate the utility of
commercially available reagent test strips
for estimation of BUN concentration
and detection of azotemia in pet rabbits
(Oryctolagus cuniculus) and ferrets (Mustela
Sample: 65 blood samples from 53 rabbits
and 71 blood samples from 50 ferrets of
various health statuses.
Procedures: BUN concentrations were
measured with a clinical laboratory
biochemical analyzer and estimated with a
reagent test strip. Results obtained with both
methods were assigned to a BUN category