Research & Innovation 2015-16 - Page 96



Feature
Fossil fuel interests might
derail efforts to stem
extreme global warming
The Paris Agreement, adopted by the United Nations in December 2015, aims
to keep global warming to below 2°C; but unless countries ramp up their
climate-change combating duties, global temperatures could rise by nearly
double that by the end of this century.
This is despite agreement by countries to pursue
efforts to stem global warming below even 1.5°C,
says Professor Harald Winkler, director of the Energy
Research Centre. Winkler co-authored a global study
that urges governments, the private sector and civil
society to increase their efforts to – essentially – save
the world. The study was published on 30 June 2016
in the journal Nature.
Before Paris, each country submitted its
strategy outlining how it planned to curb
the increase in global temperatures and
reduce climate change. However,
these Intended Nationally
Determined Contributions
(INDCs) do not add up
to the collective
temperature goal.
91 UCT RESEARCH & INNOVATION 2015–16
“The centre of the article is an assessment
of the effect of these current INDCs
on reducing greenhouse gas
emissions,” says
Winkler.

study





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