year in review 2018 Paperturn - Page 121



2018: A YEAR IN REVIEW | EXCELLENCE
medical resources pose a challenge
throughout Africa.
PRACTICAL AND COSTEFFECTIVE APPROACH
Zar has been at the helm of
developing accessible and costeffective innovations, including
better strategies to diagnose TB and
pneumonia, and applying molecular
tests for accurate diagnosis. This
work has changed the approach to
diagnosing childhood TB globally
and has been integrated into World
Health Organization guidelines.
She and her team have also
developed an easy-to-use, affordable
spacer made from a plastic bottle
to help deliver inhaled asthma
medication.
Underpinning Zar’s research and
innovation is a strong commitment
to capacity building and developing
the next generation of African leaders
in child health. Her advice for young
researchers? “Find something that
you’re passionate about and pursue
it. Work in a team – collaboration is
key – and find a good mentor.”
As a paediatric pulmonologist, her
focus is on the respiratory illnesses
that cause death among children –
pneumonia, tuberculosis (TB) and
asthma. Although these diseases
are treatable, lack of knowledge,
under-diagnosis and insufficient
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