Ancient Forms for the Modern Eye April 2018 - Page 85



VII
Salinar Cat Effigy Stirrup Spout Vessel
Early Horizon – Early Intermediate Period: 200 B.C. – 100 A.D.
Ceramic: Buffware with red paint
Overall: 7 1/2 x 3 1/4 x 8 7/8 in. (19.1 x 8.3 x 22.5 cm)
Salinar continued the stirrup spout vessel of Cupisnique, but made changes in
firing technique and decoration. Cupisnique and other earlier cultures typically
fired their vessels in kilns with reduced oxygen, which enhanced the gray-black
color of the clay, and potters applied postfire pigments mixed with resin.
Salinar vessels were slipped before firing and most vessels, such as this one,
were fired in an oxygen-rich atmosphere using orange and beige clays. The
bright colors of Salinar pottery replaced the dark ceramics of Chavín-related
styles. Along the north coast of Peru, there is a small feline that regularly
patrols cultivated fields in search of mice and other pests, and hence this piece.
The animal was valued and represented as a kind of warrior in the Peruvian
iconographic repertoire.
Provenance: Paul Shepard, Tucson.
Dr. Ernest Lira, Houston and Denver, or Dr. Peter Almendariz,
Denver, or M. Brenner, Geneva.
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