GAIA Zero Waste MasterPlan - Page 55



Global Alliance for Incinerator Alternatives (GAIA) 55
Equitable program design
PAYT rate structure design can be flexible to ensure that lowincome households do not pay a disproportionately high share
of their income on waste disposal, as compared to a more
affluent household that generates the same volume of waste.
Policymakers can offer a percentage or flat-rate discount, a
certain number of free bags, or reduce the base service charge
for low-income households. Cities may also reduce low-income
households’ cost burden through existing utility or low-income
assistance programs. Additionally, the City of San Francisco
conducted additional outreach to residents in low-income
housing to ensure that residents understood how to use the
city’s program.
Challenges: multifamily
buildings
Multifamily buildings can house a significant portion of an
area’s population and pose a challenge to implementing
PAYT since waste is generally collected in a central location
per building, not per household. This makes it difficult to
disaggregate the volume of waste generated and extend
the economic incentives for source separation that PAYT
otherwise offers to households. Property owners might
address this by distributing disposal savings to residents as
rent reductions or cash rebates. However, this incentive has
a less direct impact since it is distributed amongst all the
tenants in a building.

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