GAIA Zero Waste MasterPlan - Flipbook - Page 34
34 The Zero Waste Masterplan
Reuse businesses such as cloth
diaper services, reusable serviceware
for events (some even with mobile
dishwashers) and clothing rental allow
consumers to participate in reuse with
Donations of food to people, textiles
and household goods are a popular and
effective diversion method that support
Minimizing food waste: investing in the
promotion of tools and education to help
households reduce food waste and save
money. Working with growers to fully
utilize food produced through efficiencies,
donations, and creating new markets such
as sale of “ugly fruit”.
Purchase goods with minimal packaging or
no packaging at all.
Farmer’s Markets and Food Co-ops
have long offered opportunities for bulk
purchasing using consumer’s reusable
A new wave of package-free zero
waste stores have emerged focused on
providing a wide variety of goods in bulk
or without packaging.
Policies, such as bottle deposit legislation, right to repair, C&D recycling requirements
and other disposal bans, can make infrastructure more cost effective and attract new
businesses by bringing economic development and jobs to a community. Government
can also support zero waste infrastructure through promotion of businesses with
disposal guides, green business certifications and procurement policies.
While recycling has been a primary investment
strategy for many communities, recent reports
show that there are still many communities
lacking access to infrastructure to recycle many
types of packaging.
Materials Recovery Facility (MRF): a MRF
is where recyclables are sorted, densified,
and sold for further processing or to
end markets that use the commodity as
feedstock in manufacturing. A MRF is often
the lynchpin of how effective a recycling
program can be, but not all MRFs are the
same. The type of incoming material a MRF
is designed for (typically single stream or
two stream), equipment and technology,
number of people working and how fast the
system is operated impacts what materials
can be accepted, in addition to cost and
quality. Non-recyclable material at the
end of the line, called residual, is sent to a
landfill or incinerator and is between 5% and
30% of incoming material.
2. Plastics Recovery Facility (PRF) / Wash &
Grind: a secondary processor for plastics as
a final step before the items can be used as
feedstock in manufacturing.